Catalogue

38 factsheets

Background on "bottom of the pyramid"

This background factsheet explains to the reader the concept of "base (or bottom) of pyramid" and how it has become a valuable and helpful business…
Last updated 04 September 2019

Background on social marketing strategy and impact

This factsheet conveys the importance of an orchestrated social marketing campaign to the interested reader and provides some useful tools on this…
Last updated 28 August 2019

Bank Filtration

Bank filtration (BF) is a drinking water pre-treatment step, where river water is induced to percolate in subsurface passage through a river bed and…
Last updated 16 April 2019

Baseline Assessment

Last updated 27 April 2018

Baseline Data Collection

Within the planning process, it is of prime importance to collect baseline data in order to determine the requirements for an appropriate sanitation…
Last updated 27 April 2018

Biogas Combustion

In principal, biogas can be used like other fuel gas. When produced in household-level [8221-biogas reactors], it is most suitable for cooking.…
Last updated 28 May 2019

Biogas Electricity (Large-scale)

Biogas is a mixture of methane, carbon dioxide, water and hydrogen sulphide produced during the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter. Biogas can…
Last updated 26 May 2019

Biogas Electricity (Small-scale)

Biogas is a mixture of methane, carbon dioxide, water and hydrogen sulphide produced during the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter. Biogas can…
Last updated 27 May 2019

Biogas Reactor

A biogas reactor or anaerobic digester is an anaerobic treatment technology that produces (a) a digested slurry (digestate) that can be used as a…
Last updated 31 May 2019

Biosand Filter

The biosand filter (BSF) is a simple household water treatment device, which is an innovation on traditional slow sand filters specifically designed…
Last updated 14 June 2019

Blended finance

Blended finance or hybrid finance stands for mixing public and/or philanthropic funding with market based funds (loans, grants or equity) for…
Last updated 18 March 2020

Blue Ocean Strategy

The Blue/Red Ocean Strategy is a way of assessing your business against your competitors in order to identify your competitive advantage. It is based…
Last updated 05 June 2019

Boiling

Boiling drinking water with fuel is the oldest and most commonly practiced household water treatment method. According to WHO, water needs to be…
Last updated 20 May 2019

Bottled Water

Sales and consumption of bottled water have skyrocketed in recent years. The global consumption of bottled water reached 230 billion litres in 2010…
Last updated 08 April 2019

Brainstorming

“Brainstorming is a popular tool that helps you generate creative solutions to a problem. It is particularly useful when you want to break out of…
Last updated 01 July 2019