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Sanitation Systems Perspective

Sanitation Systems Perspective
Overview

Find technologies and socio-economic approaches to optimise your local water management and sanitation system.

What is the Sanitation Systems Perspective?

It is an interactive version of eawag's Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies, a compilation of appropriate sanitation technologies, plus a tool for combining technologies in a full system.

The Perspective's popularity is its brevity - ordering and structuring a huge range of information on tried and tested technologies in a single document. As in the first edition we present only proven technologies that are appropriate for low- and middle-income settings. Also, we include only "improved" sanitation technologies, featuring safe, hygienic, and accessible sanitation. In this eCompendium edition we present the whole range of urban, peri-urban and rural technologies (e.g. from simple pits to conventional sewers).

The Compendium is also available in French, Spanish, Vietnamese and Nepalese – check the Eawag-Sandec page regularly for the publication of the Russian and Arabic editions!

Who is the target audience?

Engineers, planners, decision-makers, NGO staff and students concerned with sanitation in low and middle income countries.

What is the purpose?

A digital platform that offers easily accessible information and facilitates decision-making on sanitation systems and technologies.

How to Use

The eCompendium is divided into two main parts which are cross-referenced: The Sanitation System Templates; The Technology Information Sheets…
5 Factsheets
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Terminology

This Compendium defines sanitation as a multi-step process in which human excreta and wastewater are managed from the point of generation to the…
4 Factsheets
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Sanitation Systems

This part of the Compendium explains in detail how the system templates are read and used, and includes a presentation of the different templates.…
9 Factsheets
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Sanitation Technologies

54 Factsheets
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Application of Stored Urine

Stored urine is a concentrated source of nutrients that can be applied as a liquid fertilizer in agriculture and replace all or some commercial…

Aerated Pond

An aerated pond is a large, mixed aerobic reactor. Mechanical aerators provide oxygen and keep the aerobic organisms suspended and mixed with water…

Fill and Cover / Arborloo

To decommission a pit, it can simply be filled with soil and covered. Although there is no received benefit, the full pit poses no immediate health…

Leach Field

A leach field, or drainage field, is a network of perforated pipes that are laid in underground gravel-filled trenches to dissipate the effluent…

Waste Stabilization Ponds (WSP)

Waste Stabilization Ponds (WSPs) are large, man-made water bodies. The ponds can be used individually, or linked in a series for improved treatment…

Soak Pit

A soak pit, also known as a soakaway or leach pit, is a covered, porous-walled chamber that allows water to slowly soak into the ground. Pre-settled…

Fish Pond (Aquaculture)

Fish can be grown in ponds that receive effluent or sludge where they can feed on algae and other organisms that grow in the nutrient-rich water.…

Application of Dehydrated Faeces

When faeces are stored in the absence of moisture (i.e., urine), they [8251-dehydrate] into a crumbly, white-beige coarse, flaky material or powder…

Anaerobic Filter

An anaerobic filter is a fixed-bed biological reactor with one or more filtration chambers in series. As wastewater flows through the filter,…

Activated Sludge

An activated sludge process refers to a multi-chamber reactor unit that makes use of highly concentrated microorganisms to degrade organics and…

Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor (UASB)

The upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor (UASB) is a single tank process. Wastewater enters the reactor from the bottom, and flows upward. A…

Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR)

An anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) is an improved [8217-septic tank] with a series of baffles under which the wastewater is forced to flow. The…

Trickling Filter

A trickling filter, is a fixed-bed, biological reactor that operates under (mostly) aerobic conditions. Pre-settled wastewater is continuously ‘…

Septic Tank

A septic tank is a watertight chamber made of concrete, fibreglass, PVC or plastic, through which blackwater and greywater flows for primary…

Biogas Reactor

A biogas reactor or anaerobic digester is an anaerobic treatment technology that produces (a) a digested slurry (digestate) that can be used as a…

Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies

The Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies was first published in 2008 during the International Year of Sanitation, and the Second Edition will be published in 2014. The document's popularity is its brevity - ordering and structuring a huge range of information on tried and tested technologies in a single document. As in the first edition we present only proven technologies that are appropriate for low- and middle-income settings. Also, we include only "improved" sanitation technologies, featuring safe, hygienic, and accessible sanitation. In this eCompendium edition we present the whole range of urban, peri-urban and rural technologies (e.g. from simple pits to conventional sewers).
Downloadable versions of the compendium are available in English, French, Spanish, Vietnamese, Korean (DPRK), Nepali and Arabic.
You can order a hardcopy or download the PDF here.
 

Funding Partners

Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
www.deza.admin.ch

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Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC)
http://www.wsscc.org

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Created by

Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology
http://www.eawag.ch/forschung/sandec/index_EN
seecon international gmbh
http://www.seecon.ch
 
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The Sustainable Sanitation and Water Management Toolbox
http://www.sswm.info
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