This lecture covers the questions about characteristics of arctic populations and includes key indicators of their health status. The comparative analysis of population density, net migration, natural increase, birth rate, life expectancy, death rate, infant mortality and morbidity between the Arctic regions is shown.
The Arctic is not a homogeneous region and Arctic residents are extremely diverse. The health status of Arctic residents is the result of the complex interaction between environment, genetics, nutrition, psychological factors, and economic conditions. Arctic populations have certain demographic and health characteristics. There are substantial disparities among countries and regions in the circumpolar north, and within regions among population subgroups, particularly between indigenous and non-indigenous people. In general, in the Arctic regions, birth and mortality rates are higher, and life expectancy is lower; a high proportion of the population is of younger age.
At the end of this lecture students will be able to:
- Describe population change in the Arctic regions due to net migration and natural increase
- Present the comparative analysis of four key indicators of health outcomes between the Arctic regions: birth rate, life expectancy, death rate and infant mortality
- Compare incidence rate of tuberculosis and prevalence of diabetes mellitus among the Arctic populations
This assessment report details the results of the 2009 AMAP assessment of Human Health in the Arctic. It builds upon the previous AMAP human health assessments that were presented in 19981 and 2022.
The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) is a group working under the Arctic Council.
The goals of this report are to provide an update to the first AHDR (2004) in terms of an assessment of the state of Arctic human development; to highlight the major trends and changes unfolding related to the various issues and thematic areas of human development in the Arctic over the past decade; and, based on this as- sessment, to identify policy relevant conclusions and key gaps in knowledge, new and emerging Arctic success stories, and important AHDR-II follow-up activities.
The 2015 Human Health Assessment Report follows three previous AMAP assessments on human health (AMAP 1998, 2003, 2009) and represents the current knowledge base after 25 years of focused study. This report includes new knowledge, updates and fills information gaps identified in past reports, and focuses attention on the most recent integrated scientific knowledge related to environmental contaminants and human health. It does not update information concerning the levels and effects of radioactivity and UV-radiation; these topics were addressed in the first comprehensive AMAP Assessment Report (AMAP 1998). The AMAP 2015 collects and discuss all the data from the relevant cohorts and surveys carried out in Inuits groups of Alaska, Canada and Greenland. It describes the projects, the results as the levels of contaminants found in the areas, the health that these contaminants can cause, future risks, and risk communication.