This is the actual participatory analysis, planning and decision making process, in which the key stakeholders undertake a collective action of understanding, deciding and planning a project to reach a common objective. The components involved are:
- gathering ideas,
- analysing the situation together with the people,
- deciding, and
- planning together with the stakeholders.
A vision paper, such as a community action plan or a long term strategy should record the decisions taken in this step.
The Implementation Tools section (see introduction factsheet) of the SSWM Toolbox explains WHAT the options that could be chosen and implemented are.