solution finder

Key Resources

 

Complementing Sites

http://www.cap-net.org

Cap-Net is an international network for capacity building in IWRM. It is made up of a partnership of autonomous international, regional and national institutions and networks committed to capacity building in the water sector. The website provides a vast amount of training material on Integrated Water Resources Management, both available online and on CD.

Complements the SSWM Toolbox with tutorials and learning materials on different aspects of Integrated Water Resources Management, River Basin Management etc.

 

http://www.wssinfo.org/

The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation is the official United Nations mechanism tasked with monitoring progress towards the Millenium Development Goal (MDG) relating to drinking-water and sanitation (MDG 7, Target 7c), which is to: "Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water and basic sanitation". In fulfilling this mandate, the JMP publishes updated estimates every two years on the use of various types of drinking-water sources and sanitation facilities at the national, regional and global levels.

Complements the SSWM Toolbox specifically with data on water supply and sanitation coverage and detailed statistics about the use of water and sanitation facilities at different scales.

 

http://www.gwptoolbox.org

The GWP IWRM Toolbox is an online collection of good practices for managing water resources at all levels. It is a free and open with a library of peer-reviewed case studies and references that can be used by anyone who is interested in implementing better approaches for the management of water or learning more about improving water management on a local, national, regional or global level.

Complements the SSWM Toolbox specifically with knowledge on institutional and conceptual frameworks for IWRM (specifically for institutional stakeholders).

 

http://www.susana.org

The Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) is an informal network of organisations who share a common vision on sustainable sanitation. SuSanA works as a coordination and working platform and contributes to the policy dialogue on sustainable sanitation. SuSanA’s website provides various kinds of resources on sustainable sanitation including a library, case studies and news. You can also find them on facebook to get informed regularly on the newest discussions.

Complementing the SSWM Toolbox by providing a networking platform for numerous organisations in the sanitation sector.

 

SEECON 2008 Ecosan Curriculum

Ecosan Curriculum

This interactive curriculum on ecosan is meant primarily for university and college teachers and students, but also for NGOs, development organisations, or simply interested persons. This is on of the first comprehensive compilations of ecosan related material, structured into an curriculum. The development of the curriculum was undertaken by Johannes Heeb (seecon international gmbh), Prof. Dr. Petter D. Jenssen (Norwegian University of Life Sciences), Ken Gnanakan (ACTS) and Katharina Conradin (seecon international) and financed by the Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC). The Ecosan Curriculum was a predecessor for the SSWM Toolbox. It is no longer available as a CD, but can be downloaded from the SuSanA homepage (http://www.susana.org).

Complementing the SSWM Toolbox with specific lectures on Ecological Sanitation (Ecosan).

 

eawag sandec logo

http://www.eawag.ch/forschung/sandec/training_tool/index_EN

The Sandec Training Tool 1.0 contains seven elaborate modules for teaching and training on different topics of water and environmental sanitation in developing countries. Each module consists of a presentation, along with comprehensive lecture notes and key readings, suitable for at least 2 hours of teaching. Furthermore, the Training Tool also contains helpful exercises and case studies.

Complementing the toolbox with a ready-made, comprehensive (and condensed) course on environmental sanitation and water technologies. 

 

http://www.sustainablesanitation.info/meny.html

This Sourcebook and 600 animated power-point slides provide the trainer (researcher, teacher, instructor, etc.) with a science- and experience-based material that covers various aspects of sanitation. It gives a topic-based and integrated understanding of the available possibilities to provide comfortable sanitation arrangements that recirculate resources in hygienic, affordable and socially accepted ways. Examples abound of systems and arrangements from various parts of the world. The intention is that the trainer picks out slides and topics that he or she wants to use in training sessions.

Complementing the toolbox with a comprehensive science- and experience-based course on environmental sanitation technologies.

 

http://www.partnershipsforwater.net/

Parthershipsforwater.net aims at reaching an effective water governance for all water users. The ten themes in this initiative provide a framework of ideas and ways of working that can contribute toward improved water partnerships, and hopefully effective water governance for all users. The site also contains a searchable library of best practices, exemplary case studies, and other tools published by various institutions.

Aimed primarily at decision makers, it complements the SSWM Toolbox wish a short and concise overview over the ten most important themes in regard to partnerships in the water sector.

 

iucn

http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/water/resources/toolkits/

The IUCN Water and Nature Initiative (WANI) has worked with 80+ partner organizations across the world to demonstrate water management that supports healthy rivers and communities. As part of this collaboration, a toolkit series was developed to support learning on how to mainstream an ecosystems approach in water resource management and to build on practical case studies to show how key principles of sustainable water management are implemented in river basins. The toolkit is aimed at practitioners, policy makers and students.

Complements the SSWM Toolbox by providing short, but comprehensive publications on different aspects of environmental water management.

 

http://www.samsamwater.com/

SamSamWater Foundation was created by three hydrologists from the Netherlands in order to contribute to sustainable and reliable access to water and sanitation in developing countries. SamSamWater gives advice and participates in water and sanitation projects. Besides the project information and reports, their website also hosts a ‘tool’ were they make available the tools they have developed (e.g. the SamSamWater Climate Tool which uses various date to estimate precipitation and evaporation anywhere on Earth). Moreover, the website also contains a ‘library’ with practical information, data and (GIS) maps gathered from numerous sources, such as research institutes, companies, NGOs and government organisations.

Complements the SSWM Toolbox by providing a library with documents useful mainly for hydrogeologists and useful open-source tools to assess hydrogeological conditions.

 

http://www.weap21.org/

The Water Evaluation And Planning (WEAP) system is a user-friendly free software tool that takes an integrated approach to water resources planning. It WEAP is developed by the Stockholm Environment Institute's U.S. Center. It aims at incorporating management challenges, allocation of limited water resources between agricultural, municipal and environmental uses and the integration of supply, demand, water quality and ecological considerations.

Complementing the SSWM tooblox by providing the possibility to develop an integrated water management plan for a given area at the local or national area.

 

operationandmaintenance.net

http://www.operationandmaintenance.net

TheOperation and Maintenance Network plays a leading role in promoting effective operation and maintenance; providing practical and authoritative advice to water and sanitation system managers and operators in low and middle-income countries. The Network offers access to practical guidance material via the online O&M toolbox, technical assistance from experts on O&M issues, the chance to share knowledge, case studies and develop new guidance materials, and provides access to regional events and workshops linked to wider capacity building activities. The network is open to all, but login is required.

Complements the SSWM Toolbox with more in-depth knowledge on O&M and the possibility to access technical guidance.

 

Wikis and Discussion Platforms

http://www.akvopedia.org/

Akvopedia is an open water and sanitation resource that anyone can edit. The goal of Akvopedia is to improve water and sanitation projects through knowledge exchange on smart and affordable technical solutions and effective approaches. The site contains more than 1025 articles, which are divided into a water portal, a sanitation portal and an approaches portal.

Large knowledge sharing platform which allows registered users to enter their own contents and edit contents of others.

 

http://www.grassrootswiki.org

GrassrootsWiki is a knowledge portal for the dissemination of ideas, experiences and instructions in the field of development cooperation and humanitarian assistance where anyone can contribute. It boosts the global dissemination of grassroots technologies on different subjects, including water, sanitation & hygiene, shelter & housing, nutrition & agriculture, energy, environmental protection and entrepreneurship – containing technology descriptions, case studies, as well as links to organisations.

Complementing the toolbox with additional SSWM tools as well as areas outside the primary focus of water and sanitation, such as housing, nutrition, energy, or entrepreneurship. Allowing users to enter and edit their own content. 

 

http://practicalaction.org/practicalanswers/

Practical Answers aims to provide a resource on small-scale technologies or intermediate technologies that can be used to improve the lives of people living in poverty. It allows people to access the wealth of technical information within Practical Action and well as bringing together the knowledge of others.

Complements the SSWM Toolbox by providing answers, resources and information on other themes than water and sanitation.

 

un water wiki

http://waterwiki.net/

WaterWiki, developed by UNDP, aims at connecting Water professionals to knowledge and experience based on work in the context of the UN, at providing an on-line collaboration platform for Water Sector Practitioners worldwide to find and share their experience and lessons learned and at improving coordination and inter-agency cooperation in the water sector. WaterWiki Partners include WHO, FAO, UNESCO and UNECE.


Complementing the SSWM Toolbox by a tool where water professionals can share knowledge and experiences.

 

http://www.iwawaterwiki.org

The IWAWaterWiki is a website providing a space for water professionals to interact and share valuable water knowledge online. Offering articles on all areas of water, wastewater and environmental sciences the site aims to be THE online reference point for all areas of water. The site also provides a number of networking tools, allowing professionals from around the globe to communicate and interact online.

Directed at water professionals, the IWA Water Wiki allows professionals to enter and share their own knowledge online, with a strong focus on water.

 

water sanitation hygiene

http://www.watersanitationhygiene.org/

Watersanitationhygiene.org is a site where anybody can share resources regarding water, sanitation and hygiene, plus also other themes such as disease vectors, waste, and enabling environment. The site hosts a very large collection of technical resources, and a very active discussion forum where one can post question or discuss issues with others.

Complements the SSWM Toolbox with an active discussion forum, and by including further topics apart from water and sanitation.

 

http://www.waterservicesthatlast.org/

Water services that last is a resource for building sustainable rural water services. The website offers many tools with case studies from different countries. A systemic approach with the focus on learning for the future (and not just the fixing of problems) and an emphasis on the legacy of all projects are the main characteristics of Water services that last.

 

https://washjournalists.wordpress.com/

WASH - JN is the network of West African WASH journalists. The network acts as key news and information platform for WASH related issues in Western Africa.

    This module introduces the importance of market-based RRR solutions. At the end of this module you have identified key challenges in your local sanitation and waste management system and a RRR-related business idea.

    Cover image Module  1

    This module sheds light on the importance of studying the business environment and its components like waste supply, market demand, competition and the institutional framework. At the end of this module you have gained insights to evaluating the potential of your business idea.

    Cover image Module  2

    This module shows how a business idea can be turned into a business model while putting a specific focus on understanding the customer and designing products that meet their needs. At the end of this module you will have developed a business model and positioned your offer in the market.

    Cover image Module  3

    This module focusses on planning the operations of a RRR related business. During this part RRR technologies will be introduced for different waste streams and tools for planning the production process. At the end of this module you will have blueprinted your production process and the required technology and production inputs.

    Cover image Module  4

    This module covers key aspects of financial planning and analysis. At the end of this module you will have forecasted your profits, cash flows, required investment and evaluated the financial viability of your business model.

    Cover image Module  5

    This module enables you to set objectives and plan activities for the launch of your RRR business and identify potential financing sources. At the end of this module you will have developed an action plan for launch and identified appropriate financing sources.

    Cover image Module  6

    Week 1: Identify challenges in your local sanitation & waste management

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    SDG 6 along the water and nutrient cycles

    This AGUASAN publication illustrates how the water and nutrient cycles can be used as a tool for creating a common understanding of a water and sanitation system and aligning it with SDG 6.

    BROGAN, J., ERLMANN, T., MUELLER, K. and SOROKOVSKYI, V. (2017): SDG 6 along the water and nutrient cycles. Using the water and nutrient cycles as a tool for creating a common understanding of a water and sanitation system - including workshop material. Bern (Switzerland): AGUASAN and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019] PDF

    Why shit matters [Video File]

    TEDX TALKS (2019): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d4yD0kz34jg [Accessed: 28.03.2019]

    "3 billion people worldwide live in cities without sewers or wastewater treatment plant infrastructure. This forces them to dump their waste into open waters, contaminating the drinking water for others downstream. Imagine if we could harness nutrients in wastewater instead of harming human and environmental health. Christoph Lüthi sees a renewable, locally produced and growing resource where others see only human waste. Watch his talk to learn why shit matters! "

    Week 2: Identify RRR products and business opportunities

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    A public-private partnership linking wastewater treatment and aquaculture (Ghana) - Case Study

    AMOAH, P., MUSPRATT, A., DRECHSEL, P. and OTOO, M. (2018): A public-private partnership linking wastewater treatment and aquaculture (Ghana) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section IV, Chapter 15, pp.617-630. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Briquettes from agro-waste (Kampala Jellitone Suppliers, Uganda) - Case Study

    GEBREZGABHER, S. and MUSISI, A. (2018): Briquettes from agro-waste (Kampala Jellitone Suppliers, Uganda) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section II, Chapter 3, pp.41-51. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Cooperative model for financially sustainable municipal solid waste composting (NAWACOM, Kenya) - Case Study

    OTOO, M., KARANJA, N., ODERO, J. and HOPE, L. (2018): Cooperative model for financially sustainable municipal solid waste composting (NAWACOM, Kenya) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section III, Chapter 3, pp.362-370. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Week 1: Analyse waste supply

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    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 2: Analyse market demand

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    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 3: Analyse your competition

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    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 4: Analyse the institutional environment

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    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 1: Meet the Business Model Canvas

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    A public-private partnership linking wastewater treatment and aquaculture (Ghana) - Case Study

    AMOAH, P., MUSPRATT, A., DRECHSEL, P. and OTOO, M. (2018): A public-private partnership linking wastewater treatment and aquaculture (Ghana) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section IV, Chapter 15, pp.617-630. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Briquettes from agro-waste (Kampala Jellitone Suppliers, Uganda) - Case Study

    GEBREZGABHER, S. and MUSISI, A. (2018): Briquettes from agro-waste (Kampala Jellitone Suppliers, Uganda) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section II, Chapter 3, pp.41-51. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Cooperative model for financially sustainable municipal solid waste composting (NAWACOM, Kenya) - Case Study

    OTOO, M., KARANJA, N., ODERO, J. and HOPE, L. (2018): Cooperative model for financially sustainable municipal solid waste composting (NAWACOM, Kenya) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section III, Chapter 3, pp.362-370. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Week 1: Plan your production process

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    Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies. 2nd Revised Edition

    This compendium gives a systematic overview on different sanitation systems and technologies and describes a wide range of available low-cost sanitation technologies.

    TILLEY, E. ULRICH, L. LUETHI, C. REYMOND, P. ZURBRUEGG, C. (2014): Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies. 2nd Revised Edition. Duebendorf, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag) URL [Accessed: 28.07.2014] PDF

    Week 2: Understand the treatment process

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    Treatment technologies for urban solid biowaste to create value products: a review with focus on low- and middle-income settings

    LOHRI, C. R., DIENER, S., ZABALETA, I. MERTENAT, A. and ZURBRÜGG, C. (2017): Treatment technologies for urban solid biowaste to create value products: a review with focus on low- and middle-income settings. In: Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 81–130. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019] PDF

    Week 3A: Design technology systems for nutrient recovery

    قراءات أخرى

    Co-composting of Solid Waste and Fecal Sludge for Nutrient and Organic Matter Recovery

    COFIE, O., NIKIEMA, J., IMPRAIM, R., ADAMTEY, N., PAUL, J. and KONÉ, D. (2016): Co-composting of Solid Waste and Fecal Sludge for Nutrient and Organic Matter Recovery. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 3. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Decentralized composting in India

    DRESCHER, S. and ZURBRÜGG, C. (2004): Decentralized composting in India. In: Harper et al. Sustainable Composting: Case Studies in Guidelines for Developing Countries. Loughborough (UK): Water Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC), Loughborough University, Part2: Case Studies, Chapter 3, pp.15-27. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019] PDF

    Low Cost Composting Training Manual: techniques based on the UN-Habitat/Urban Harvest-CIP community based waste management initiatives

    KARANJA, N., KWACH, H. and NJENGA, M. (2005): Low Cost Composting Training Manual: techniques based on the UN-Habitat/Urban Harvest-CIP community based waste management initiatives. Nairobi (Kenya): UN-Habitat. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 3B: Design technology systems for energy recovery

    قراءات أخرى

    Briquette Businesses in Uganda. The potential for briquette enterprises to address the sustainability of the Ugandan biomass fuel market

    FERGUSON, H. (2012): Briquette Businesses in Uganda. The potential for briquette enterprises to address the sustainability of the Ugandan biomass fuel market. London (UK): Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) International. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019] PDF

    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 3C: Design technology systems for water recovery

    قراءات أخرى

    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Chapter 3 - Technology Selection

    VEENSTRA, S., ALAERTS, G. and BIJLSMA, M. (1997): Chapter 3 - Technology Selection. In: Helmer, R. and Hespanhol, I. (Eds). Water Pollution Control - A Guide to the Use of Water Quality Management Principles. London (UK): World Health Organization (WHO)/United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume I. Policy and Regulatory Aspects

    Volume I of the Guidelines for the Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater focuses on policy, regulation and institutional arrangements. Accordingly, its intended readership is made up of policy-makers and those with regulatory responsibilities. It provides guidance on policy formulation, harmonisation and mainstreaming, on regulatory mechanisms and on establishing institutional links between the various interested sectors and parties. It also presents a synthesis of the key issues from Volumes II, III, and IV and the index for all four volumes as well as a glossary of terms used in all four volumes is presented in Annex 1.

    WHO (2006): Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume I. Policy and Regulatory Aspects. Geneva: World Health Organisation URL [Accessed: 10.04.2019]

    Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume II. Wastewater Use in Agriculture

    Volume II of the Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta and greywater provides information on the assessment and management of risks associated with microbial hazards and toxic chemicals. It explains requirements to promote the safe use of wastewater in agriculture, including minimum procedures and specific health-based targets, and how those requirements are intended to be used. It also describes the approaches used in deriving the guidelines, including health-based targets, and includes a substantive revision of approaches to ensuring microbial safety.

    WHO (2006): Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume II. Wastewater Use in Agriculture. Geneva: World Health Organisation URL [Accessed: 05.06.2019] PDF

    Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume III. Wastewater and Excreta Use in Aquaculture

    Volume III of the Guidelines for the Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater deals with wastewater and excreta use in aquaculture and describes the present state of knowledge regarding the impact of wastewater-fed aquaculture on the health of producers, product consumers and local communities. It assesses the associated health risks and provides an integrated preventive management framework.

    WHO (2006): Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume III. Wastewater and Excreta Use in Aquaculture. Geneva: World Health Organisation URL [Accessed: 08.05.2019]

    Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume IV. Excreta and Greywater Use in Agriculture

    Volume IV of the Guidelines for the Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater recognizes the reuse potential of wastewater and excreta (including urine) in agriculture and describes the present state of knowledge as regards potential health risks associated with the reuse as well as measures to manage these health risks following a multi-barrier approach.

    WHO (2006): Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume IV. Excreta and Greywater Use in Agriculture. Geneva: World Health Organisation (WHO) URL [Accessed: 09.05.2019] PDF

    Week 3: Analyse financial viability

    قراءات أخرى

    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 1: Set objectives and plan activities for launch

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    Week 2: Finance the launch

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