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2018 أبريل 27

الخطة الاستراتيجية للمعنيين

المؤلف*
Juri Lienert (seecon international gmbh)
ترجمة وتعريب: مؤسسة بناء
المُلخص التنفيذي

يتطلب التخطيط التشاركي إشراك الأشخاص المعنيين. ويشمل ذلك تحديد الاهتمامات والقيم ، ووضع توافق واسع في الآراء بشأن المبادرات المخططة. كما يسخر الكم الهائل من المعلومات والمعرفة التي يملكها الأشخاص المعنيين لإيجاد حلول عملية وفعالة ومستدامة (CAP-NET 2008). تحليل الأشخاص المعنيين هو عملية تحديد وتحليل لهم، والتخطيط لمشاركتهم (البنك الدولي 1998). هناك عدد كبير من المنهجيات المتعلقة بتحليل الأشخاص المعنيين والمعقدة بشكل كبير (أنظر البنك الدولي 1998، NETSSAF 2008، CAP-NET 2005).. وهنا، نقدم منهجية مكونة من أربع خطوات، والتي يمكن القيام بها بشكل كلي أو جزئي وفقًا لاحتياجات المرء: (1) تحديد الأشخاص المعنيين، (2) أهمية الأشخاص المعنيين وتأثيرهم (3) مصالح الأشخاص المعنيين و (4) خطة استراتيجية الأشخاص المعنيين .

واستنادًا إلى تحديد الأشخاص المعنيين، يمكن تطوير تحليل أهميتهم ونفوذهم، واهتماماتهم في وضع خطة استراتيجية للأشخاص المعنيين. في هذه الخطوة النهائية، يتم تعيين الأدوار والمسؤوليات المحتملة بشكل مبدئي إلى مختلف الأشخاص المعنيين (AGROFORESTRY CENTER 2009). وتهدف الخطة الاستراتيجية للأشخاص المعنيين إلى هيكلة نتائج الخطوات السابقة من خلال وضع مصفوفة مشاركة الأشخاص المعنيين. ويساعد هذا البناء على معرفة أدوار وخصائص الأشخاص المعنيين، وكيفية ومتى يتم إشراكهم. والهدف من خطة استراتيجية الأشخاص المعنيين هو تجنب فشل المشاريع واستخدام قدراتهم على المساهمة بأقصى قدر ممكن من الفعالية.

المزايا
هي أداة قابلة للتطبيق لتحويل المعلومات المكتسبة سابقًا عن خصائص الأشخاص المعنيين إلى خطة استراتيجية أولية
تلخص كيفية إشراك ودمج الأشخاص المعنيين المحددين
توفر تمثيلا مرئيا لإشراك الأشخاص المعنيين في الخطوات الأخرى
التخطيط لمشاركة الأشخاص المعنيين يقلل من تجنب فشل التنفيذ
تسهيل التخطيط
العيوب
تحتاج إلى خبرة لتحويل المعلومات الحالية حول الأشخاص المعنيين إلى قرارات بشأن كيفية إشراكهم في عملية التخطيط للإدارة المستدامة للمايه والصرف الصحي
خطر سوء التفسير
يمكن أن تكون مضيعة للوقت

 

يمكن لخطة استراتيجية الأشخاص المعنيين أن توجه إرشادًا بشأن كيفية التفاعل والتواصل والمشاركة مع جميع الأشخاص المعنيين المحددين خلال مراحل مختلفة من المشروع. وتوفر استراتيجية الأشخاص المعنيين منهجًا لبناء علاقات إيجابية مع الأشخاص المعنيين والحفاظ عليها. كما أنها تساعدك على تحديد من يجب أن يشارك، وبأي الطرق وفي أي مرحلة من مراحل دورة المشروع ينبغي أن يشارك الأشخاص المعنيين. وسيسهم ذلك في تحقيق مشروع مصمم تصميمًا جيدًا وأن تكون ناجحًا بمبادرتكم!

 

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Introduction
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A stakeholder strategy plan can guide one on how to interact, communicate and involve with each identified stakeholder during different phases of a project. The stakeholder strategy provides approaches for building and maintaining positive relationships with stakeholders. It also helps you to define who should participate, in what ways and at what stage of the project cycle stakeholders should be involved. This will contribute to realise a well-designed project and to be successful with your initiative!

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يجب أن تتضمن استراتيجية الأشخاص المعنيين العناصر التالية:
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  • أفضل المناهج لإشراك الأشخاص المعنيين في القرار الرئيسي

  • طرق لتلبية توقعات الأشخاص المعنيين

  • طرق لتكوين حس الملكية 

  • طرق استخدام نفوذ الأشخاص المعنيين على مميزات المشروع

  • أفضل الطرق للتواصل مع الأشخاص المعنيين

  • طرق لتحييد او ازالة التأثير السلبي للأشخاص المعنيين 

(مقتبس من ELLIOT 2003).

 

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كيفية تحويل المعلومات المكتسبة سابقًا إلى خطة استراتيجية؟
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في الخطوات السابقة، كنت قد اكتسبت الكثير من المعلومات حول الأشخاص المعنيين. أما الآن، فإن الهدف من خطة استراتيجية الأشخاص المعنيين هو استخدام هذه المعلومات وتحويلها إلى خطة استراتيجية أولية تبين كيفية إشراك الأشخاص المعنيين الذين تم تحديدهم ومتى (في أي مرحلة) سيتم إشراكهم وذلك لمساعدة المشروع على النجاح. وتعتبر مصفوفة مشاركة الأشخاص المعنيين طريقة فعالة لتحويل المعلومات الحالية إلى نظرة عامة حول مشاركة الأشخاص المعنيين.

 

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مصفوفة مشاركة الأشخاص المعنيين
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تتضمن مصفوفة مشاركة الأشخاص المعنيين محورين: المحور الأفقي (الصفوف) هو حول مستوى المشاركة، والمحور الرأسي (الأعمدة) وهو حول مستوى التنفيذ:

 

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مستوى المشاركة (الصفوف)
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يمكن اعتبار المشاركة مقياسًا مستمرا أو متواصلًا يتراوح بين المستوى المنخفض لمشاركة الأشخاص المعنيين ومستوى عال من المشاركة. يعتمد ذلك على مدى اهتمام الأشخاص المعنيين (على سبيل المثال، فيما يتعلق بما يأملون في الخروج منه من المشروع)، وكذلك على مقدار المشاركة التي تريد إشراكهم فيها (WATER AND FORESTRY 2005). وهناك أربعة مستويات (عامة):

الإعلام: تزويد الأشخاص المعنيين بمعلومات متوازنة وموضوعية لتمكين الناس من فهم المشكلة والبدائل و / أو الحلول.

التشاور: الحصول على تعليقات الأشخاص المعنيين حول التحليل، البدائل و / أو القرارات. وھو یتضمن معرفة الأمور الهامة وإبداء الرأي حول کیفیة تأثیر مدخلات الأشخاص المعنيين علی القرار.

التعاون / الشراكة: العمل كشريك مع الشخص المعني/ الأشخاص المعنيين على كل جانب من جوانب القرار، بما في ذلك تطوير البدائل وتحديد الحل المفضل.

التمكين / التحكم: عملية تقوية قدرات الشخص المعني/ الأشخاص المعنيين من خلال المشاركة والتعاون بحيث يكونوا قادرين على اتخاذ قرارات مستنيرة ويتحملون مسؤولية اتخاذ القرارات النهائية.

في كل خلية من الخلايا، أكتب اى من الأشخاص المعنيين الذين عليك أن تزويدهم بالمعلومات، اوللتشاور معهم ، والأشخاص الذين تريد التعاون معهم، ومن يتحكم في العملية.

 

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مستوى التنفيذ (الأعمدة)
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يساعد هذا المستوى على تحديد الجهات المعنية التي تشارك في مرحلة المشروع، على سبيل المثال. خلال مرحلة الاستكشاف، ومرحلة التخطيط، ومرحلة التنفيذ، ومرحلة الرصد والتقييم.

 

الجدول الوارد أدناه مقتبس من المساعدة الإنمائية الرسمية لعام 1995. وهو يعرض مشروعًا في باكستان بشأن جمع وزراعة النباتات الطبية في منطقة ريفية. الأشخاص المعنيين المهمين هم على سبيل المثال رجال الدين الإسلامي، وشركات الأدوية كمشترين للنباتات، والمجموعات النسائية (التي تجمعها)، ووزارة السكان والرعاية الاجتماعية، والمنظمات غير الحكومية الصحية المحلية. ويبين الجدول الجهات المعنية التي تشارك في المرحلة، ومدى مشاركتها في المشروع. 

مثال على مصفوفة مشاركة الأشخاص المعنيين في مشروع سكاني مقترح للقطاع الخاص في باكستان. المصدر: NID 1995

(مقتبس من: WATER AND FORESTRY 2005).

 

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Factsheet Block Title
ارجع إلى الخطوة 3 [9433-مصالح الأشخاص المعنيين]
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أو انظر أيضًا:

·  الخطوة 1: تحديد الأشخاص المعنيين

الخطوة 2: أهمية الأشخاص المعنيين وتأثيرهم

التطيبق

 

ینبغي النظر إلی مصفوفة المشارکة کأداة دینامیکیة لإیجاد طریقة مناسبة لکیف ومتى یمکن إشراك الأشخاص المعنيين في عملیة التخطیط للصرف الصحي المستدام وموارد المياه. وهي أداة قابلة لتنفيذ التخطيط الأولي لإشراك الأشخاص المعنيين، وهي بمثابة قاعدة لعملية تخطيط وتنفيذ الإدارة المستدامة للمياه والصرف الصحي.

المراجع

Integrated Water Resources Management Plans. Training Manual and Operational Guide

The Cap-Net manual is an introduction to essential parts of integrated water resource management (IWRM). Chapter 2 consists of management planning for IWRM, which provides good information about stakeholder process as well.

CAP-NET (2005): Integrated Water Resources Management Plans. Training Manual and Operational Guide. Pretoria: Cap-Net URL [Accessed: 30.06.2019]

Capacity Building for Ecological Sanitation

This publication deals with the educational aspects linked to ecologically sustainable sanitation, and contains extensive chapters on capacity building and knowledge management in the field of ecological sanitation.

UNESCO/IHP ; GTZ (2006): Capacity Building for Ecological Sanitation. Paris & Eschborn: German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) & International Hydrological Programme of UNESCO (UNESCO/IHP) URL [Accessed: 15.04.2019]

NETSSAF Participatory Planning-Approach

This is the actual tutorial of the participative planning approach developed by NETSSAF, containing all the steps, sub-steps and case studies. It is freely available on the internet in French and English.

NETSSAF (2008): NETSSAF Participatory Planning-Approach. A tutorial for sustainable sanitation planning. Network for the Development of Sustainable Approaches for Large Scale Implementation of Sanitation in Africa (NETSSAF). [Accessed: 29.03.2010] PDF

Guidance Note on how to do Stakeholder Analysis of Aid Projects and Programmes

This guidance note provides a step-by-step manual on how to do a stakeholder analysis. Effective strategies for stakeholder participation must be based on good analysis of individuals, groups, and institutions with an interest in a project.

ODA (1995): Guidance Note on how to do Stakeholder Analysis of Aid Projects and Programmes. London: Overseas Development Department (ODA) URL [Accessed: 30.06.2019]
قراءات أخرى

ﺩﻭﺭ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ المصلحة في ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ ﺃﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ المستدامة في المؤسسة ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ. ﻘﺴﻨﻄﻴﻨﺔ

تسعي هذه الورقة الحالية الي تحديد دور ادارة العلاقة مع الاطراف اصحاب المصلحة في اسقاط ابعاد التنمية المستدامة علي مستوي المؤسسة الاقتصادية

حمزة ﺭﻣﻠﻲ,إسماعيل ﺯﺣﻮﻁ (2012): ﺩﻭﺭ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ المصلحة في ﺗﻔﻌﻴﻞ ﺃﺑﻌﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻤﻴﺔ المستدامة في المؤسسة ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻳﺔ. ﻘﺴﻨﻄﻴﻨﺔ . URL [Accessed: 25.08.2017]

Language: Arabic

:ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﺎ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ . ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ ﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻴﻨﻭﻯ. مجلة ﺗﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻓﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ١٠٩مجلد ٣٤ ﻟﺴﻨﺔ ٢٠١٢ .ﺹ[٢٥٦-٢٣٣.ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ.ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ الموصل

هي دراسة ميدانية في الشركة العامة لصناعة الأدوية في نينوى تهدف الي تقييم رضا بعض أصحاب المصالح وتوضح الاطر المنهجية واهداف البحث وفرضيات البحث وأدواته وثباته

ﻋﻼﺀ الجبوري, ﻋﻠﻲ سالم أحمد (2012): :ﻗﻴﺎﺱ ﺭﻀﺎ ﺒﻌﺽ ﺃﺼﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﻟﺢ . ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ ﻤﻴﺩﺍﻨﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻤﺔ ﻟﺼﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﻭﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻴﻨﻭﻯ. مجلة ﺗﻨﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻓﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩ ١٠٩مجلد ٣٤ ﻟﺴﻨﺔ ٢٠١٢ .ﺹ[٢٥٦-٢٣٣.ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩ.ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ الموصل. URL [Accessed: 25.08.2017]

ﻣﺸﺮوع اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻹﺷﺮاك أﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ ﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻋﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺒﺮ.الأمم المتحدة

اﻷﻣﻢ اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪة (2013): ﻣﺸﺮوع اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﻴﺠﻴﺔ ﻹﺷﺮاك أﺻﺤﺎب اﻟﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ ﻟﺪﻋﻢ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻋﻤﻞ اﻟﻤﻨﺒﺮ.الأمم المتحدة. URL [Accessed: 25.08.2017]

Language: Arabic

Good Practices in Participatory Mapping

This report explores the power of participatory mapping. Covering a range of techniques, intermediaries, tools and impacts, it is shown how a systematic approach could contribute to addressing conflict-related issues and improving community ownership in sustainable environmental and natural resource management.

IFAD (2009): Good Practices in Participatory Mapping. Rome: International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) URL [Accessed: 04.05.2010]

Guidance Note on how to do Stakeholder Analysis of Aid Projects and Programmes

This guidance note provides a step-by-step manual on how to do a stakeholder analysis. Effective strategies for stakeholder participation must be based on good analysis of individuals, groups, and institutions with an interest in a project.

ODA (1995): Guidance Note on how to do Stakeholder Analysis of Aid Projects and Programmes. London: Overseas Development Department (ODA) URL [Accessed: 30.06.2019]

Integrated Water Resources Management Plans. Training Manual and Operational Guide

The Cap-Net manual is an introduction to essential parts of integrated water resource management (IWRM). Chapter 2 consists of management planning for IWRM, which provides good information about stakeholder process as well.

CAP-NET (2005): Integrated Water Resources Management Plans. Training Manual and Operational Guide. Pretoria: Cap-Net URL [Accessed: 30.06.2019]

Capacity Building for Ecological Sanitation

This publication deals with the educational aspects linked to ecologically sustainable sanitation, and contains extensive chapters on capacity building and knowledge management in the field of ecological sanitation.

UNESCO/IHP ; GTZ (2006): Capacity Building for Ecological Sanitation. Paris & Eschborn: German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) & International Hydrological Programme of UNESCO (UNESCO/IHP) URL [Accessed: 15.04.2019]

NETSSAF Participatory Planning-Approach

This is the actual tutorial of the participative planning approach developed by NETSSAF, containing all the steps, sub-steps and case studies. It is freely available on the internet in French and English.

NETSSAF (2008): NETSSAF Participatory Planning-Approach. A tutorial for sustainable sanitation planning. Network for the Development of Sustainable Approaches for Large Scale Implementation of Sanitation in Africa (NETSSAF). [Accessed: 29.03.2010] PDF
حالات دراسية

ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﻓﻴﺔ. ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻗﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻳﺲ.مصر.

هي مذكرة توضح مشاركة اصحاب المصالح في ادارة المياه الجوفية وانشطة اصحاب المصالح وما هي الاليات المؤسسية لمشاركة أصحاب المصلحة

البنك الدولي (2006): ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﻠﺤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺠﻮﻓﻴﺔ. ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻗﻨﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻳﺲ.مصر.. URL [Accessed: 25.08.2017]

Language: Arabic

Strategy Development for Successful Implementation of Ecological Sanitation Approaches in Sri Lanka using Stakeholder Analysis. Report 3 of 3 from "Evaluation of the Appropriateness of Ecological Sanitation in Relation to the Social, Cultural and Economic

The presented stakeholder analysis provides the necessary information to develop strategies for the successful implementation of ecological sanitation approaches in Sri Lanka.

WINDBERG (2009): Strategy Development for Successful Implementation of Ecological Sanitation Approaches in Sri Lanka using Stakeholder Analysis. Report 3 of 3 from "Evaluation of the Appropriateness of Ecological Sanitation in Relation to the Social, Cultural and Economic. Paris: UNICEF URL [Accessed: 18.08.2010]
مواد تدريبية

Stakeholder Analysis

This short PowerPoint presentation explains in a brief way how to do a stakeholder analysis and also contains empty tables that can be directly used for analysing stakeholders.

PUBLIC SECTOR IMPROVEMENT FACILITY (n.y): Stakeholder Analysis. URL [Accessed: 30.06.2019]

    This module introduces the importance of market-based RRR solutions. At the end of this module you have identified key challenges in your local sanitation and waste management system and a RRR-related business idea.

    Cover image Module  1

    This module sheds light on the importance of studying the business environment and its components like waste supply, market demand, competition and the institutional framework. At the end of this module you have gained insights to evaluating the potential of your business idea.

    Cover image Module  2

    This module shows how a business idea can be turned into a business model while putting a specific focus on understanding the customer and designing products that meet their needs. At the end of this module you will have developed a business model and positioned your offer in the market.

    Cover image Module  3

    This module focusses on planning the operations of a RRR related business. During this part RRR technologies will be introduced for different waste streams and tools for planning the production process. At the end of this module you will have blueprinted your production process and the required technology and production inputs.

    Cover image Module  4

    This module covers key aspects of financial planning and analysis. At the end of this module you will have forecasted your profits, cash flows, required investment and evaluated the financial viability of your business model.

    Cover image Module  5

    This module enables you to set objectives and plan activities for the launch of your RRR business and identify potential financing sources. At the end of this module you will have developed an action plan for launch and identified appropriate financing sources.

    Cover image Module  6

    Week 1: Identify challenges in your local sanitation & waste management

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    قراءات أخرى

    SDG 6 along the water and nutrient cycles

    This AGUASAN publication illustrates how the water and nutrient cycles can be used as a tool for creating a common understanding of a water and sanitation system and aligning it with SDG 6.

    BROGAN, J., ERLMANN, T., MUELLER, K. and SOROKOVSKYI, V. (2017): SDG 6 along the water and nutrient cycles. Using the water and nutrient cycles as a tool for creating a common understanding of a water and sanitation system - including workshop material. Bern (Switzerland): AGUASAN and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019] PDF

    Why shit matters [Video File]

    TEDX TALKS (2019): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d4yD0kz34jg [Accessed: 28.03.2019]

    "3 billion people worldwide live in cities without sewers or wastewater treatment plant infrastructure. This forces them to dump their waste into open waters, contaminating the drinking water for others downstream. Imagine if we could harness nutrients in wastewater instead of harming human and environmental health. Christoph Lüthi sees a renewable, locally produced and growing resource where others see only human waste. Watch his talk to learn why shit matters! "

    Week 2: Identify RRR products and business opportunities

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    A public-private partnership linking wastewater treatment and aquaculture (Ghana) - Case Study

    AMOAH, P., MUSPRATT, A., DRECHSEL, P. and OTOO, M. (2018): A public-private partnership linking wastewater treatment and aquaculture (Ghana) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section IV, Chapter 15, pp.617-630. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Briquettes from agro-waste (Kampala Jellitone Suppliers, Uganda) - Case Study

    GEBREZGABHER, S. and MUSISI, A. (2018): Briquettes from agro-waste (Kampala Jellitone Suppliers, Uganda) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section II, Chapter 3, pp.41-51. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Cooperative model for financially sustainable municipal solid waste composting (NAWACOM, Kenya) - Case Study

    OTOO, M., KARANJA, N., ODERO, J. and HOPE, L. (2018): Cooperative model for financially sustainable municipal solid waste composting (NAWACOM, Kenya) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section III, Chapter 3, pp.362-370. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Week 1: Analyse waste supply

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    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 2: Analyse market demand

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    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 3: Analyse your competition

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    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 4: Analyse the institutional environment

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    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 1: Meet the Business Model Canvas

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    A public-private partnership linking wastewater treatment and aquaculture (Ghana) - Case Study

    AMOAH, P., MUSPRATT, A., DRECHSEL, P. and OTOO, M. (2018): A public-private partnership linking wastewater treatment and aquaculture (Ghana) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section IV, Chapter 15, pp.617-630. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Briquettes from agro-waste (Kampala Jellitone Suppliers, Uganda) - Case Study

    GEBREZGABHER, S. and MUSISI, A. (2018): Briquettes from agro-waste (Kampala Jellitone Suppliers, Uganda) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section II, Chapter 3, pp.41-51. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Cooperative model for financially sustainable municipal solid waste composting (NAWACOM, Kenya) - Case Study

    OTOO, M., KARANJA, N., ODERO, J. and HOPE, L. (2018): Cooperative model for financially sustainable municipal solid waste composting (NAWACOM, Kenya) - Case Study. In: Otoo, M. and Drechsel, P. (Eds.). Resource recovery from waste: business models for energy, nutrient and water reuse in low- and middle-income countries. Oxon (UK): Routledge - Earthscan. Section III, Chapter 3, pp.362-370. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019]

    Week 1: Plan your production process

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    Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies. 2nd Revised Edition

    This compendium gives a systematic overview on different sanitation systems and technologies and describes a wide range of available low-cost sanitation technologies.

    TILLEY, E. ULRICH, L. LUETHI, C. REYMOND, P. ZURBRUEGG, C. (2014): Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies. 2nd Revised Edition. Duebendorf, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag) URL [Accessed: 28.07.2014] PDF

    Week 2: Understand the treatment process

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    Treatment technologies for urban solid biowaste to create value products: a review with focus on low- and middle-income settings

    LOHRI, C. R., DIENER, S., ZABALETA, I. MERTENAT, A. and ZURBRÜGG, C. (2017): Treatment technologies for urban solid biowaste to create value products: a review with focus on low- and middle-income settings. In: Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 81–130. URL [Accessed: 26.03.2019] PDF

    Week 3A: Design technology systems for nutrient recovery

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    Co-composting of Solid Waste and Fecal Sludge for Nutrient and Organic Matter Recovery

    COFIE, O., NIKIEMA, J., IMPRAIM, R., ADAMTEY, N., PAUL, J. and KONÉ, D. (2016): Co-composting of Solid Waste and Fecal Sludge for Nutrient and Organic Matter Recovery. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 3. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Decentralized composting in India

    DRESCHER, S. and ZURBRÜGG, C. (2004): Decentralized composting in India. In: Harper et al. Sustainable Composting: Case Studies in Guidelines for Developing Countries. Loughborough (UK): Water Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC), Loughborough University, Part2: Case Studies, Chapter 3, pp.15-27. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019] PDF

    Low Cost Composting Training Manual: techniques based on the UN-Habitat/Urban Harvest-CIP community based waste management initiatives

    KARANJA, N., KWACH, H. and NJENGA, M. (2005): Low Cost Composting Training Manual: techniques based on the UN-Habitat/Urban Harvest-CIP community based waste management initiatives. Nairobi (Kenya): UN-Habitat. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 3B: Design technology systems for energy recovery

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    Briquette Businesses in Uganda. The potential for briquette enterprises to address the sustainability of the Ugandan biomass fuel market

    FERGUSON, H. (2012): Briquette Businesses in Uganda. The potential for briquette enterprises to address the sustainability of the Ugandan biomass fuel market. London (UK): Global Village Energy Partnership (GVEP) International. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019] PDF

    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 3C: Design technology systems for water recovery

    قراءات أخرى

    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Chapter 3 - Technology Selection

    VEENSTRA, S., ALAERTS, G. and BIJLSMA, M. (1997): Chapter 3 - Technology Selection. In: Helmer, R. and Hespanhol, I. (Eds). Water Pollution Control - A Guide to the Use of Water Quality Management Principles. London (UK): World Health Organization (WHO)/United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume I. Policy and Regulatory Aspects

    Volume I of the Guidelines for the Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater focuses on policy, regulation and institutional arrangements. Accordingly, its intended readership is made up of policy-makers and those with regulatory responsibilities. It provides guidance on policy formulation, harmonisation and mainstreaming, on regulatory mechanisms and on establishing institutional links between the various interested sectors and parties. It also presents a synthesis of the key issues from Volumes II, III, and IV and the index for all four volumes as well as a glossary of terms used in all four volumes is presented in Annex 1.

    WHO (2006): Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume I. Policy and Regulatory Aspects. Geneva: World Health Organisation URL [Accessed: 10.04.2019]

    Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume II. Wastewater Use in Agriculture

    Volume II of the Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater, excreta and greywater provides information on the assessment and management of risks associated with microbial hazards and toxic chemicals. It explains requirements to promote the safe use of wastewater in agriculture, including minimum procedures and specific health-based targets, and how those requirements are intended to be used. It also describes the approaches used in deriving the guidelines, including health-based targets, and includes a substantive revision of approaches to ensuring microbial safety.

    WHO (2006): Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume II. Wastewater Use in Agriculture. Geneva: World Health Organisation URL [Accessed: 05.06.2019] PDF

    Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume III. Wastewater and Excreta Use in Aquaculture

    Volume III of the Guidelines for the Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater deals with wastewater and excreta use in aquaculture and describes the present state of knowledge regarding the impact of wastewater-fed aquaculture on the health of producers, product consumers and local communities. It assesses the associated health risks and provides an integrated preventive management framework.

    WHO (2006): Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume III. Wastewater and Excreta Use in Aquaculture. Geneva: World Health Organisation URL [Accessed: 08.05.2019]

    Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume IV. Excreta and Greywater Use in Agriculture

    Volume IV of the Guidelines for the Safe Use of Wastewater, Excreta and Greywater recognizes the reuse potential of wastewater and excreta (including urine) in agriculture and describes the present state of knowledge as regards potential health risks associated with the reuse as well as measures to manage these health risks following a multi-barrier approach.

    WHO (2006): Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater. Volume IV. Excreta and Greywater Use in Agriculture. Geneva: World Health Organisation (WHO) URL [Accessed: 09.05.2019] PDF

    Week 3: Analyse financial viability

    قراءات أخرى

    Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans

    OTOO, M., DRECHSEL, P., DANSO, G., GEBREZGABHER, S., RAO, K. and MADURANGI G. (2016): Testing the implementation potential of resource recovery and reuse business models: from baseline surveys to feasibility studies and business plans. Colombo (Sri Lanka): International Water Management Institute (IWMI), CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE). Resource Recovery and Reuse Series 10. URL [Accessed: 27.03.2019]

    Week 1: Set objectives and plan activities for launch

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    Week 2: Finance the launch

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    Alternative Versions to